Progress of Cryogenics and Isotopes Separation , ISSN: 1582-2575
2019, Volume 22, Issue 2
Pages 31-42

Titanium dioxide – based fiber anodes and their potential use in CR2032 coin cell lithium batteries 

Radu-Florian Ene 1,2* , Cristina Dumitriu 2 , Radu Dorin Andrei 1 , Catalin Jianu 1 , Alin Chitu 1 , Adnana Alina Spinu-Zaulet 1 , Elena Carcadea 1 , Mihaela Ramona Buga 1 , Cristian Pirvu 2

1 National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4, PO Box Râureni 7, 240050, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
2 Politehnica University of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Materials Science, Department of General Chemistry, Romania

*Corresponding author: Radu-Florian Ene, E mail: radu.ene@icsi.ro

Received September 20, 2019Received in revised form September 29, 2019Accepted November 07, 2019Available online November 20, 2019


Abstract

In this paper we described an effective approach to optimize titanium dioxide nanowires on titanium substrate-based anodes. TiO2 nanowires were successfully fabricated by electrospinning technique, to be used as anode material for Lithium ion batteries. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed a multi-layered random network structure with irregular surface. The X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) patterns of TiO2 nanowires calcined exhibited diffraction peaks corresponding to TiO2 in both form of anatase and rutile phase. The obtained TiO2 based electrodes were electrochemically evaluated using a 3 electrode cell configuration in aqueous solution (LiClO4, 0.1 M). The resulted electrodes corresponding to the solution feed-rate of 0.6 mL/h (injection speed 0.0025 mm/min), deposited at 20 kV, and 20 cm has demonstrated to be promising candidates as anode material for Lithium ion batteries. Moreover, it is believed that the optimization of electrospinning parameters for producing TiO2 nanowires can increase the cycling performance and rate capability.


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  • Keywords

    Lithium-ion batteries, titanium dioxide, nanostructures, electrospinning, cyclic voltammetry


    Tag search Lithium-ion batteries titanium dioxide nanostructures electrospinning cyclic voltammetry