Smart Energy and Sustainable Environment , ISSN 2668-957X
2020, Volume 23, Issue 2
Pages 81-92

Influence of anthropogenic activity to the macronutrient loading in water and soil – Case study of industrial area

Mihaela Iordache 1 , Claudia Sandru 1 , Marius Miricioiu 1 , Constantin Nechita 2 , Roxana Elena Ionete 1 , Oana Romina Botoran 1*

1 National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4, PO Box Râureni 7, 240050, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
2 National Research and Development Institute for Forestry "Marin Drăcea" Calea Bucovinei, 73 bis, 725100, Câmpulung Moldovenesc, Romania

*Corresponding author: Oana Romina Botoran, E-mail:

Received 13 October 2020; Received in revised form 30 October 2020; Accepted 30 October 2020; Available online 03 November 2020


Mining activities, in combination with accelerated urbanization growth and climate change, constitutes a major challenge for creating a sustainable development. Thus, the monitoring and assessment of mining effect is mandatory in understanding the impact on the primary physico-chemical characteristics of an environment. In this context, the paper presents the evolution of micro- and macro- nutrients in water, soil and sediment from two industrial areas from Romania (Copșa Mică industrial platform and Baia Sprie mining zone), in order to assess the impact of pollutants on ecosystems.  Physico-chemical (pH, NH4+, NO3-, NO2-, TN, TP), base cations (Ca, Mg, Na and K) and micronutrients (Fe, Mn and Zn) have been analyzed in order to evaluate the quality of the environment. For some of the analyzed soils, the concentration of Zn, Mn and Fe exceeded the maximum permissible limits (MPL) imposed by the Romanian legislation, falling within the limit for Alert Thresholds for less sensitive soils. The correlation analysis on water quality parameters revealed that all parameters are more or less correlated with each other Person’s Correlation matrix. Overall, our results demonstrated that the knowledge of the physico-chemical regime of an environment is of great value in the determination of its productivity, usefulness and other characteristics which can facilitate further vegetation restoration and reconstruction and a sustainable development of the ecological environment in a polluted area.


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  • Keywords

    Pollution, Mining environment, Surface Water and Groundwater, Soil.

    Tag search Pollution Mining environment Surface Water Groundwater Soil