2017, Volume 20, Issue 1
New requirements of IAEA concerning radiation protection and safety of radiation sources
1 State Owned Company Technologies for Nuclear Energy – Center of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (RATEN-CITON), Magurele, Romania
2 National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4, PO Box Râureni 7, 240050, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania
This paper presents the new requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) made in the General Safety Requirements Part 3 published in 2014, standard which superseded the International Basic Safety Standards (BSS) No. 115 issued in 1996, concerning protection against ionizing radiation and safety of radiation sources, as well as the impact of these new requirements on national legislation.
The aim of these new requirements is to establish, based on the safety principles, the requirements for the safety of radiation sources and for the protection of workers, public and the environment against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
The significant changes of IAEA concerning radiation protection and safety of radiation sources consist in: establishing and defining the new situations of exposure to radiation, quite drastical reduction of the equivalent dose for the lens of the eye for occupational exposure and for apprentices and students in the course of their studies, detailed requirements regarding the governmental, legal and regulatory framework concerning the regulation of facilities and activities that cause irradiation and detailing them, as well as detailed requirements regarding the monitoring program both for personnel protection and for public and environmental protection.
Whereas in recent years IAEA and International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) have published new requirements and recommendations and have reviewed a number of standards, an adaptation of national legislation to the new requirements from GSR Part 3 and recommendations from ICRP Publication 103 would be necessary, and a common approach of both would lead to the achievement of a high level of security.
Radiation Protection, Radiation Sources, Exposure Situations, Dose Limits
Tag search Radiation Protection Radiation Sources Exposure Situations Dose Limits