Progress of Cryogenics and Isotopes Separation , ISSN: 1582-2575
2016, Volume 19, Issue 1

Numerical Analysis on the Hydrogen Generation from Sodium Borohydride Hydrolysis

Elena Carcadea * , Mihai Varlam , Ioan Stefanescu , Adriana Marinoiu , Mircea Raceanu

National Research and Development Institute for Cryogenics and Isotopic Technologies - ICSI Rm. Valcea, Uzinei Street no. 4, PO Box Râureni 7, 240050, Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania

*Corresponding author: Elena Carcadea, E-mail:

Published: May 2016


A numerical analysis regarding the hydrogen generation from sodium borohydride (NaBH4) by hydrolysis is presented in this paper. The hydrolysis of NaBH4 allows a high-purity hydrogen generation, making it the ideal candidate for refuelling a PEM fuel cell stack of a portable energy system. There are many factors that can influence the hydrolysis process, such as catalyst usage, reaction temperature, NaBH4 concentration, pH of the solution, excess of water. The paper was intended to give an insight into kinetics mechanism of NaBH4 hydrolysis and to set up the mathematical model required to analyse the factors that can influence and maximize the hydrogen generation. Therefore, COMSOL MULTIPHYSICS software was used to implement the one dimensional mathematical model and to identify the effects of reaction mixture temperature on the hydrogen generation and on the NaBH4 depletion. It was found that at room temperature (293 ºK) the complete depletion of NaBH4 (maximum H2 generation) occurs almost 7 times slower than at 323ºK.


NaBH4 hydrolysis, H2 generation, mathematical modelling, batch reactor

Tag search NaBH4 hydrolysis H2 generation mathematical modelling batch reactor