Progress of Cryogenics and Isotopes Separation , ISSN: 1582-2575
2009, Volume 12, Issue 23+24

Radioactive Waste Treatment Strategy in Poland – A Contribution of Research Performed at Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology

Grazyna Zakrzewska-Trznadel *

Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology ul. Dorodna 16, 03-195 Warsaw, Poland

*Corresponding author: Grazyna Zakrzewska-Trznadel, e-mail:

Published: June 2009


First step of liquid low-level radioactive waste processing is reduction of the volume of radioactive species. Various methods for concentration of radioactive matter are studied and developed at Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology (INCT). Reverse Osmosis process elaborated at INCT was implemented at Radioactive Waste Management Plant (RWMP), the utility responsible for collecting, processing, transporting, storage and disposal of solidified waste in the country. The other methods like ultrafiltration, membrane distillation, adsorption and integrated processes are studied in scope of national and international projects. In Poland radioactive waste arises from various applications of radioisotopes in industry, medicine and science, as well as from research nuclear reactors. Development of Polish Nuclear Power Program will imply necessary activities concerning the future strategy of radioactive waste treatment and development of programs for research on new methods and processes that will be feasible to treat liquid wastes coming from the operation of nuclear power station and related activities.



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